You must pay Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) if you buy a property or land over a certain price in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The current SDLT threshold is £125,000 for residential properties and £150,000 for non-residential land and properties.
You pay the tax when you:
buy a freehold property
buy a new or existing leasehold
buy a property through a shared ownership scheme
are transferred land or property in exchange for payment, eg you take on a mortgage or buy a share in a house
Under the new rules from 4 December, you may pay Stamp Duty at several different rates, depending on the purchase price. Under the old rules, there were several different Stamp Duty rates, but you, as a homebuyer, paid the same rate on the whole purchase price.